Endothelial cell morphology is like a ‘canary in the coal mine’…a potential warning that the structural stability of the endothelium has been affected, possibly by surgical procedures, disease, trauma or contact lenses.
The corneal endothelium is a single layer of cells whose function is to maintain the balance of fluid (aqueous) within the cornea by means of a barrier effect, and to remove excess aqueous from the cornea by means of a pumping mechanism. A properly functioning endothelium maintains the correct clarity and shape of the corneal required for clear vision. When endothelial cells are lost or damaged, the remaining cells grow in size and change shape to fill in the gaps in order to maintain structural integrity. If too many cells are lost or damaged, the pumping mechanism may be negatively affected, resulting in corneal edema which may lead to partial or complete loss of vision.
Cell Density & Morphology Changes
Endothelial Morphology Examples
Konan CellChek Quick Tips
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